Sunday, 2 January 2011

Introduction to Japanese Characters - HIRAGANA/ひらがな:

So first, we are going to learn Hiragana. Hiragana has 48 characters with different styles and number of strokes (it's much more easier than Katakana [which will be introduced later]).

Hiragana Chart:


HIRAGANA/ひらがな (Wikipedia):
Hiragana (平仮名, ひらがな or ヒラガナ) is a Japanese syllabary, one basic component of the Japanese writing system, along with katakana, kanji, and the Latin alphabet (rōmaji). Hiragana and katakana are both kana systems, in which each character represents one mora. Each kana is either a vowel such as "a" (あ); a consonant followed by a vowel such as "ka" (か); or "n" (ん), a nasal sonorant which, depending on the context, sounds either like English m, n, or ng ([ŋ]), or like the nasal vowels of French.
Hiragana is used to write native words for which there are no kanji, including particles such as から kara "from", and suffixes such as さん ~san "Mr., Mrs., Miss, Ms." Likewise, hiragana is used in words for which the kanji form is obscure, not known to the writer or readers, or too formal for the writing purpose. Verb and adjective inflections, as, for example, be-ma-shi-ta (べました) in tabemashita (食べました?, "ate"), are written in hiragana, often following a verb or adjective root (here 食) that is written in kanji. Hiragana is also used to give the pronunciation of kanji in a reading aid called furigana.

Index
  1. Hiragana: Lesson 1 - 'あ' [a]
  2. Hiragana: Lesson 2 - 'い' [i]
  3. Hiragana: Lesson 3 - 'う' [u]
  4. Hiragana: Lesson 4 - 'え' [e]
  5. Hiragana: Lesson 5 - 'お' [o] -> Lesson 1 - 5 Review
  6. Hiragana: Lesson 6 - 'か' [ka] & 'が' [ga]
  7. Hiragana: Lesson 7 - 'き' [ki] & 'ぎ' [gi] (yo-on included)
  8. Hiragana: Lesson 8 - 'く' [ku] & 'ぐ' [gu]
  9. Hiragana: Lesson 9 - 'け' [ke] & 'げ' [ge]
  10. Hiragana: Lesson 10 - 'こ' [ko] & 'ご' [go] -> Lesson 6 - 10 Review
  11. Hiragana: Lesson 11 - 'さ' [sa] & 'ざ' [za]
  12. Hiragana: Lesson 12 - 'し' [shi] & 'じ' [ji] (yo-on included)
  13. Hiragana: Lesson 13 - 'す' [su] & 'ず' [zu]
  14. Hiragana: Lesson 14 - 'せ' [se] & 'ぜ' [ze]
  15. Hiragana: Lesson 15 - 'そ' [so] & 'ぞ' [zo] -> Lesson 11 -> 15
  16. Hiragana: Lesson 16 - 'た' [ta] & 'だ' [da] 
  17. Hiragana: Lesson 17 - 'ち' [chi] & 'ぢ' [ji]
  18. Hiragana: Lesson 18 - 'つ' [tsu] & 'づ' [dzu;zu]
  19. Hiragana: Lesson 19 - 'て' [te] & 'で' [de]
  20. Hiragana: Lesson 20 - 'と' [to] & 'ど' [do]
  21. Hiragana: Lesson 21 - 'な' [na]
  22. Hiragana: Lesson 22 - 'に' [ni]
  23. Hiragana: Lesson 23 - ‘ぬ’ [nu]
  24. Hiragana: Lesson 24 - ‘ね’ [ne]
  25. Hiragana: Lesson 25 - ‘の’ [no]
  26. Hiragana: Lesson 26 - ‘は’ [ha], ば [ba] & ‘ぱ’ [pa]
  27. Hiragana: Lesson 27 - ‘ひ’ [hi], ‘び’ [bi] & ‘ぴ’ [pi]
  28. Hiragana: Lesson 28 - ‘ふ’[hu], ぶ [bu] & ぷ [pu]
  29. Hiragana: Lesson 29 - へ [he], べ [be] & ぺ [pe]
  30. Hiragana: Lesson 30 - ‘ほ’ [ho], ‘ぼ’ [bo] & ‘ぽ’ [po]
  31. Hiragana: Lesson 31 - ‘ま’ [ma]
  32. Hiragana: Lesson 32 - ‘み’ [mi]
  33. Hiragana: Lesson 33 - ‘む’ [mu]
  34. Hiragana: Lesson 34 - ‘め’ [me]
  35. Hiragana: Lesson 35 - ‘も’ [mo]
  36. Hiragana: Lesson 36 - ‘や’ [ya]
  37. Hiragana: Lesson 37 - ‘ゆ’ [yu]
  38. Hiragana: Lesson 38 - ‘よ’ [yo]
  39. Hiragana: Lesson 39 - ‘ら’ [ra]
  40. Hiragana: Lesson 40 - ‘り’ [ri]
  41. Hiragana: Lesson 41 - ‘る’ [ru]
  42. Hiragana: Lesson 42 - ‘れ’ [re]
  43. Hiragana: Lesson 43 - ‘ろ’ [ro]
  44. Hiragana: Lesson 44 - ‘わ’ [wa]
  45. Hiragana: Lesson 45 - ‘を’ [wo]
  46. Hiragana: Lesson 46 - ‘ん’ [n]
  47. Congratulations on Completing the Hiragana!

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